Fishing is an outdoor activity enjoyed by all at various ages. Interestingly enough, fishing is also one of the best-loved hobbies all over the world. This is known to be supremely preferred by people when they want to relax, and enjoy their leisure by the side of the pond, lake or river. And you will also come across some people who are adventurous enough to go to the sea for fishing!
If you are interested to learn fishing, then keep reading on.
Select the appropriate fishing kit
First and foremost, you need to know the items that you need when you’ve set out for fishing. The following are a must for all anglers:
- Rod-and-reel for fishing all sizes and types.
- Medium-light rod (5’ 6” – 6’ 6”)
- Matching reel having the strength of 4-pound to 12-pound test. The single filament coloured light blue, green or clear has strength 8-pound test ideal for fishing.
- One packet hooks (size 6)
- Wheel of a split shot of various sizes
- One package of 3 bell sinkers, each ½ ounce
- One small plastic tackle box
- Two to three bobbers
- Landing net (optional)
Choose the correct rod-and-reel combo
Before purchasing rod-and-reel, ensure the most suitable one for use. Open-face fishing uses the rod in the right-hand and spinning-reel underside to cast and retrieve. Right-handed anglers reel with their left hand. The push-button of the closed-face reel may be used when the rod is held reel up.
Rigging for the type of fish
Purchasing fishing equipments is only the beginning. Interestingly, different fish show typical habits.
For instance, the catfish look for food at the bottom so the angler has to keep the bait close to the fish. Crappies prefer to swim few feet beneath the water surface so angler should use the bobber that stands-up when the fish eats the bait. It is advisable to use light tackles to hold the bait at the bottom of the pond or lake. The angler needs 1-2 split shots for alerting the fish to sample the bait.
How to fill the reel spool?
Use the instructions with the reel and line to understand filling reel spool. Following, the angler should thread the line through spool cap or under the bail to begin. The line should be tied to the reel spool with a tight knot and continue to reel the line. There are suggestions to avoid the line from twisting during filling the reel. Usually, the reel is full after wrapping 1/16 inch from outside of spool. Except for the knot at the end, ensure there are no knots in the line because knots cause weakening of the line and challenging in casting.
Working of the drag
Fishing reels use the drag such that fish’s weight and pull does not snap the line. Thus, large fish can be also caught using light lines. Before fishing, the angler should set the drag to release the line. If a big fish pulls, the line can come off reel after a click. The angler should know when the drag is allowing the fish to run. One should never reel to tighten the reel causing twisting in the line.
How to use the bobber?
The bobber used should be small, balanced, and streamlined such that it reaches beneath the water surface. When the fish eats its bait, the bobber should be light enough not to resist it. Also, it should indicate the presence of the fish to the angler.
Baiting the hook – now, this is really important
The bait used determines the type of fish the angler is interested in. The best bait is a worm or a night-crawler that helps in catching Trout and other pan-fishes. The best method is to hook fresh worm or part of the night-crawler. Since most fishes eat almost any animal that fits in their mouth anything, artificial lures can be used too. Some of the popular items used include crickets, grasshoppers, chicken livers, cheese, dough baits and more.
The art of casting – its basic technique
The angler should use the dominant hand to hold the angling rod lightly. Begin with your shoulders squared to the target, elbow close to the front part of the rib cage and forearm; rod pointing towards the cast. Since the rod has no motion, the angler must maintain about 5 -10 inches from extended line from tip of the rod such that the line goes down straight. Continue to look at the target.
What is advanced casting?
All anglers develop their own casting styles including sidearm cast and underarm flip. These methods are used when there are trees and shrubs and overhand casting is not possible. Yet, all casting depends on basic motions of back-and-forth. Anglers casting heavy baits need lob instead of a cast. They have to increase the distance between the bait and rod tip for using sidearm cast. In such a scenario, the angler has to bring back the rod gradually and stop loner before the forward cast.
Securing the line
Securing the line is an important step in which, the angler must use the push-button or press the lever on the reel of the rod and hold onto it. If the reels have a bail, then the angler should open it for securing the line using the bend of the index finger.
Guidelines for Fish Handling and Releasing
Fishing is a sport so anglers should make sure to use equipments that would not harm fish. Most anglers use artificial lures that prevent fish to swallow and damage vital organs. An angler should use barbless hooks to easily unhook fish. They should carry hook disgorger or needle-nosed pliers. Anglers should not play with the fish while using the rod and reel.
Guidelines to handle fish with care:
- You need to ensure that the slim coat of the fish remains wet
- Use one hand to hold the fish by its lower jaw. The other hand is used to support the weight of the body.
- Grab the teeth across the gills of the fish.
- Never put fingers in the eye and gills.
- Ensure minimum time of exposure in air.
- Hold live fish in a tank or live wells that should be aerated and cooled with ice water. Also, maintain 0.5% salt solution and replace the half water every two hours. The water should not drain into the lake.
- Most live wells hold 11 gallons water and 8 pounds of fish. However, place 3/4 pounds of fish in one-gallon water.
Popular Fishing Methods:
Gigging fishing is effective in shallow and clear water during the night. Gigging fishers use a flat-bottomed boat fitted with rails for leaning and lights for visibility. They use fork-tipped spears over rushing water surface for fishing ‘suckers’. On spotting the sucker, they ‘gig’ with the spears. This method is challenging in the darkness of the night when it is cold and fish move rapidly
- Ice Fishing:
Ice Fishing is popular since it does not require a boat and expensive gears. However, it is important to judge the safety of the ice. The ice strength should be found from ice thickness, depth of water under the ice, local daily temperature, snow cover, lake size, wind current and activity of wildlife.
Using axes, augers, and ice picks, start digging the hole that should have minimum 4 inches of ice. Continue digging for 10-15 feet and open 50 feet ensuring the thickness of ice is constant. Ultimately, the hole should have a diameter of 6-8 inches.
For Ice fishing, anglers require small 2-3 foot tackle or jigging stick, light line, light reel, and tiny 1/64 ounce jigs. The poles for ice fishing can be made from cheap or expensive rods and reels. The common winter bait is wax worms.
- Bow fishing:
Bow fishing refers to hunting for fish that uses a bow and arrow for fishing. It is a legal way of pursuing nongame fishes. One needs a fishing license for bow fishing. Bow fishing is different from the traditional method of fishing. The fish has to be spotted first and shot but the water’s refraction makes bow fishing very challenging. Bow fishing is carried out during the day. Yet, there are some anglers who catch by night when the fish are more active and visible.
- Fly fishing:
Fly fishing is used mostly to catch trout but, other similar fish can also be caught. Fly fishing requires a fly rod with a fly line (plastic coated) heavy to cast artificial flies. The main difference between fly fishing and traditional fishing is that fly fishing line carries the hook through the air. Available artificial flies fitted to the hook exist in synthetic and natural (hair, feather, and fur) forms. The colour and size of the flies are made to match local insects to target different fish species. Some flies are modified and made for sinking or floating.
Fishing needs a great deal of patience. And, yes, you definitely need to learn the art or technique for a sure catch. For that purpose, this article has been designed to provide everything that you need to know to start fishing like a pro hunter!
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